Lake Akan, Hokkaido, Japan: The Happiness Lake

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lakeLake Akan
countryJapan
surface area13 km2
maximum depth45 m
average depth22 m
lake typeVolcanic
catchment area161 km2
altitude418 m
volume0.27 km3
outflowsAkan River
islandsŌjima, Kojima, Yaitai, Chūrui
shore length26 km
age6000
mixing typeDimictic
settlementsKushiro
residence time1,020 days
frozenDecember to April
average discharge3 m3 / sec.

Lake Akan Hotels

Hotel Akankoso

Hotel AkankosoAkankohan, Japan

Hotel Akankoso features indoor and outdoor hot springs, karaoke facilities and a garden. Other facilities include a sauna, a bar and a souvenir shop, while the lobby offers free WiFi and massage treatments are available. Free parking is on-site.

AVG/NIGHT (JPY)6000BOOK
Akan No Mori Tsuruga Resort Hanayuuka

Situated by the banks of peaceful Akan Lake, Tsuruga Resort boasts natural hot springs, a spa and a library. Offering free Wi-Fi and parking, it provides Japanese and Western-style rooms.

AVG/NIGHT (JPY)46716BOOK
Hotel Gozensui

Hotel GozensuiAkankohan, Japan

Located at the shore of Lake Akan, Hotel Gozensui offers Japanese-style rooms with amazing lake or mountain views. The hotel features public natural hot spring baths and free WiFi.

AVG/NIGHT (JPY)7000BOOK

Lake Akan Information and Facts

Lake Akan (Akan-ko), probably the most famous Japanese lake, is found in the North-Eastern part of Hokkaido Island, in a caldera-type volcanic crater which is guarded by 2 volcanic peaks: Oakan-dake (height: 1,371 meters) and Meakan-dake (height: 1,503 meters).

Lake Akan was formed by volcanic activity approximately 6,000 years ago. The lake’s fame is due to an aquatic plant named by the Japanese "marino" (Cladophora in botanical terms), which is actually an aggregation of algae, up to 15 centimeters in diameter.

Marino, besides the fact that it lives for a very long time (up to 300 years), has an unusual life cycle. It lives at the bottom of the lake and surfaces only when the water is perfectly calm and lightened by the sun’s rays. Marino can only be found in lake Akan, even though many other lakes in the region bear the same thermal and chemical characteristics. Botanists’ attempts at introducing it in other similar lakes have failed. But marino definitely used to live in better times. The lake used to have a clarity of 8-9 meters in the 1930s, but due to pollution from local resorts, the transparency has decreased to 3-4 meters.

The Legend of Marimo

As expected, the plant and lake Akan also share a legend. It’s said that in the nearby village, which was once inhabited by the ainu population, lived a girl named Marino, who loved a man who was poor, like herself. When everything was prepared for the young couple’s wedding, a samurai from the castle on the shores of lake Akan showed up and kidnaped her. Marino, in her despair, threw herself into the lake and became a flower.

When the weather is nice and the water is still and warm, Marino comes to the surface to meet her lover. This plant, with her unique biology and shrouded in legend, manages to attract many visitors. People come from all over Japan to see Marino. Those who succeed go back home happy and with the belief that everything will go great for them. This is why the lake is also known as "the happiness lake" in Japan.

The lake is frozen from December through April and has 4 islands: Ōjima, Kojima, Yaitai Island and Chūrui. Since the lake is situated in a volcanic region, hot springs are welling up. You can take full advantage of them in the hot spring resort Akankohan, which is the only town around the lake. A boat can be taken to Chuurui Island to see Marimo in nature. Nearby, the largest Ainu village in Hokkaido can be found, Ainu Kotan, where two Ainu men and a big owl welcome you at the gate. For Ainu people, bears, eagles and owls were the mountain gods.

Flora

Emerged macrophytes: Phragmiltes communis.
Floating macrophytes: Nuphar sp.
Submerged macrophytes: Potamogeton crispus, Hydrilla verticillata, Myriophyllum verticillatum, Vallisneria gigantea.
Phytoplankton: Melosira italica, Asterionella formosa, Synedra sp.

Fauna

Zooplankton: Daphnia longiremis, Bosmina coregoni, Eurytemora affinis.
Benthos: Chironomus plumosus, Tubificidae.
Fish: Oncorhynchus nerka, Cyprinus carpio, Carassius sp., Hypomesus olidus, Leuciscus hakonensis.

24 mammal species and 65 bird species live around the lake. They include large mammals like the Eurasian brown bear and yezo sika deer, but also endangered bird species like the black woodpecker and blakiston’s fish owl.

Utilization

Lake Akan is mainly used for tourism, recreation, and for its fisheries. The lake’s mirage, the plants (evergreen mixed conifer forests, rhododendron, azalea), animals (bears, ezo deers, Hokkaido squirrels, ezo red foxes, swans, white rabbits) and the volcanic landscape, have all led to the establishment of the Akan National Park in 1934, which covers an area of 905 square kilometers. The lake is also a Ramsar site.

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