Lake Arpi, Armenia

Lake Arpi is a lake located in the northwestern part of Armenia, in the Shirak Province, near the border with Georgia and Turkey.

Lake Arpi Stats

Lake NameLake Arpi
Surface area14.760
Average depth5.7
Lake typeSaline, natural
Catchment area223.80
OutflowsAkhurian River
Shore length19.09
Residence time1055.6
Average discharge0.920
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Geography and Surroundings

The lake is the second largest in Armenia after Lake Sevan and is a Ramsar wetland, which was established on July 6th, 1993. The Lake Arpi National Park was established around the lake in 2009 in order to protect the area’s unique biodiversity.

The lake sits at an altitude of 2,023 meters, and has a surface area of 22 square kilometers. It is mainly used for hydroelectric power production and irrigation. The lake, which is fed by 4 streams and meltwater, is the source of the spectacular Akhurian River, 186 kilometers in length.

The area around the lake is surrounded by mountain steppes, subalpine and alpine meadows, other smaller lakes and wetlands, and is very rich in flora and fauna.  More than 100 species of birds have been observed here, among which the Armenian Gull, the Dalmatian Pelican, hawks, etc.


Main recreational activities in and around the lake include sport fishing, bird watching, botanical tours, horse riding, camping, walking, etc.

Lake Arpi Map